What is Synthetic Grass?


Synthetic grass

Synthetic grass is a surface constructed of synthetic fibers that resembles natural grass. It is most commonly utilized in arenas for sports that originated or are now played on grass. However, it is increasingly being utilized on both residential and commercial lawns. The key reason is that it is low-maintenance – artificial turf can withstand intense use, such as in sports, and does not require irrigation or trimming. Due to the difficulty of getting grass enough sunlight to keep healthy, domed, covered, and partially covered stadiums may require artificial turf. However, there are certain drawbacks to artificial turf, including limited life, the need for frequent cleaning, the usage of petroleum, harmful compounds from infill, and increased health and safety risks.

Artificial turf initially attracted widespread attention in 1966, when it was installed in the Astrodome, which was just a year old at the time. The exact product used was "ChemGrass," manufactured by Monsanto and renamed as AstroTurf; this phrase has subsequently become a generic trademark for any artificial grass throughout the late twentieth century. AstroTurf is still a registered trademark, however it is no longer owned by Monsanto.

The first generation turf systems (i.e., short-pile fibers with no infill) of the 1960s have been substantially supplanted by the second and third generation turf systems. Second-generation synthetic grass systems have longer fibers and sand infills, whereas third-generation systems, which are the most commonly used now, include infills that are a blend of sand and recycled rubber granules, or "rubber crumb."